Tuesday, November 4, 2014

Final Projects and Reflections

from http://www.fishhabitat.org/partnership/ohio-river-basin-fish-habitat-partnership

Your website formatted research projects are hyperlinked below.  In the comment box, please answer the following question or add any reflections about the class content.

How does Beloved, your archival exploration or your final project affirm, challenge or change  your understanding of  The Golden Triangle Region of Kentucky, 19th Century American Culture or the arts of storytelling as demonstrated by Toni Morrison in American literature?

Thank you for a wonderful semester!


Thursday, October 30, 2014

Ashton Pitera and Jordan Rouse: About Me

Ashton Pitera

Jordan Rouse

We are Ashton Pitera and Jordan Rouse who are student at the University of Kentucky, in Lexington. We are in an Living Learning Program called Arts and Science Wired. This LLP promotes us to learn through technology and use the materials to learn in a class enviroment. One of the main requirements for our LLP is to take a A&S class. We chose a chose this class called The Golden Triangle: Beloved. In this class we read the book Beloved by Toni Morrison and watched the movie starring Oprah Winfrey. We used themes from the book during the 19th century to relate to a common interest of ours and to relate back to Kentucky. We recognized an issue in Beloved that symbolized a greater issue during the early 19th century. This issue was medical racism. We chose medical racism because we are both pursing careers in the medical field. Having a subject that related to our interests in the medical field helped us explore the history of how medicine was originally practiced and made us realize the far advancement it has made morally and ethically. 

Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Sarah Brogdon and Lacacia' Ellis: About Me

Hello I am LaCacia' Ellis. I am a freshman at the University of Kentucky and I am currently studying Human Nutrition. When reading the novel Beloved I was almost shocked as to how little the characters were educated in the book. So after reading the novel I had became very interested in education in the 19th century in the Golden Triangle. So Sarah and I had started researching the education and literature in the 19th century. We both think that people will be amazed at our findings.
Hello my name is Sarah. I am a Secondary English Education major at the University of Kentucky. After pursuing my English major I will become a high school English teacher, and eventually be promoted to a principal. I am a member of WSD and I like to participate in events sponsored by the Black student Union. After reading the novel Beloved I was intrigued to study and research Education and Literature in the 19th century in the Golden Triangle.

Tuesday, October 28, 2014

About Me: Allyson Taylor

My name is Allyson Taylor. I'm from Elkhorn City, Kentucky and I am in the Wired Living Learning Program at the University of Kentucky where I major in Anthropology and Art Education.

Emily Miniard & Sabel Overlin: About Me

About Me:

My name is Emily Miniard and I am a freshman at the University of Kentucky. I am currently participating in the A&S Living Learning Program here at UK. It has really helped me with my major, Psychology, and has opened a lot of opportunities for me. I love being a “wired” student because I get to meet many others that are interested in Psychology as well. For as long as I can remember, I’ve been wanting to study psychology because I’ve always been interested in learning more about myself. Within Psychology you get to learn new things about yourself and the world around us and that is what has truly kept my interest. 

About Me:

My name is Sabel Overlin and I am currently a freshman at the University of Kentucky.  I am a part of the A&S Wired Living Learning Program.  I joined Wired so I could participate in classes that incorporate technology into everyday learning.  I am currently majoring in Psychology and Elementary Education.  After graduating from UK I would like to either be an elementary school teacher or guidance counselor.  My interest in Psychology encouraged me to research the psychological side of the novel Beloved. 

Taylor Braun and Kelly Novak About Me:

Taylor Braun (left) lives in Dallas, Texas and Kelly Novak (right) lives in Cleveland Ohio, but current Braun and Novak have come together to attend the University of Kentucky.  They are both freshman that play for the women's soccer team at UK. Novak is studying Kinesiology and Braun is studying Biosystems Engineering.  In their free time, Novak enjoys staying active, hanging with friends and go shopping, while Braun loves to spend time with her closest family and friends , shop and do anything adventurous.

Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Annotated Bibliography of Course and Webpage Resources - WORK-IN-PROGRESS

from http://www.lapsi-project.eu/bibliography


This site is a collection of sources used in A&S 100-010: Toni Morrison's Tale of the Golden Triangle  and Beloved.  Many of you may be directed to this bibliography from a student website.  Please view the sources and use them to explore your own research. 

Dr. Hill 


Modern Medea: A Family Story of Slavery and Child-Murder from the Old South. by Steven  Weisenburger Review by:Peter W. Bardaglio The Journal of American History, Vol. 86, No. 3, The Nation and Beyond: Transnational Perspectives on United States History: A Special Issue (Dec., 1999), pp. 1341-1342

  • In this article the author tells of the Maragret Garner case of Cinncinati Ohio. Tjey convey what details are known about the case. Sometimes throught the article the author speculates at the causation behind the instance of infantcide that took place in January of 1856.
  • The last portion of this book describes the role reversal of genders after the Civil War.  What we found was especially pertinent to Beloved was the gender reversal between the North and the South.  Barney notes that while the South has stereotypically been viewed as hardworking, burly men that this changed as the South became more romanticized    
  • This source discusses the impact blacks had on the economy and recovery of the country in 1860-1880, after the Civil War.  We will use this source when we discuss men occupations.
  • The main information taken from this article was about the expectations of women in the 19th century and the ideas around pregnancy at the time.  Women were expected to continue their household work throughout their entire pregnancy but to also stay out of sight of the public.  This handbook was very helpful for information about gender roles, but it did not specify the differences of race.  

  • This article explains that even though the novel Beloved is a story on the slavery and escape on the main character, the main purpose of the story is about motherhood and the care of her children.  It explains the experience a mother had while living with the fact that she killed her daughter for what she thought was right. 
  • This is a portrait of a woman in domestic work in the 1900s. The photograph was based in Richmond, Virginia and will be used to help visualize the work force for women.
  • Women were looked down as worthless. They were seen as the peasants, slaves, and piece of property to trade. They had to work and rely on each other to try to build their rights and self-respect up. Together women helped each other develop and keep their sanity without the help of men.

  • In this review the author tells of and speculates on the a conversation she had with the author Toni Morrison. In this conversation they discuss the literature written by Toni Morrison such as Beloved.
  • I choose this photo for the Gender Roles tab because it shows Rosa Parks sitting in front of a white man on the bus which in that time was not the right thing to do and it really shows how gender and race plays into society. 
Griffith, Ezra H. "Personal Narrative and an African-American Perspective on Medical Ethics." (Article, 2005) [University of Kentucky Libraries]. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 2005. Web. 11 Oct. 2014.
  • This article goes into the fine detail of the moral foundations of medical professionals.  The author explains the perspectives of medical ethics that black physicians have.  He uses this to argue forensic psychiatry ethics.
  • Because of the hands on learning style for doctors, they wanted bodies to practice on. Slave bodies were an options, as well as dead slaves or immigrants. Slave owners sold dead workers to doctors to practice on. Stories of the “night doctors” became a tale told among the community as bodies were being old and bought at night.
  • This is a good source for our website because it gives many examples of black women in the work force and the opportunities that were available for them.  It also talks about the pay that the women had in the 1900s.
  • This book contains information on the work that black women did after they were freed.  We plan to specifically focus on chapter 2 and 3 entitled, “Enslaved Women Becoming Freed Women” and “Bent Backs and Laboring Muscles”.  This source will be helpful when we discuss the jobs women did after they were freed.
  • Statistics about African American in the workforce will be helpful in giving credible information to the reader.  It will aid the reader in buying into the topic and gaining a bigger understanding of the topic as a whole.
  • Towards the middle of this google book it begins to discuss a woman’s typical role in society and how they changed over the span of 100 or so years. This will be beneficial in describing our section over women’s job opportunities.
  • I found two facts that give a good description on what the jobs of men and women were specifically in a family.  We can use this source to make a comparison between black men and women.  This will give a contrast to the rest of our work because we generally found information on how these two differed.
  • This case study/ blog looks into and describes through a time line the reasons infantcide might have developed in London in the year 1856 through the nineteenth century.
"Map of Cincinnati." Some Cincinnati-Area Resources. WordPress, n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2014.
  • I like this map because it gives an accurate portrayal of how 1860 Cincinnati looked.  This image will be very helpful of our website to give out audience an idea of the area that we are focusing on.
  • Like the map of Cincinatti, this image is accurate in showing the area  in and around Louisville.  Louisville is part of the Golden Triangle and we thought it was an important part to show.
  • In this article the author tells of the Maragret Garner case of Cinncinati Ohio. Tjey convey what details are known about the case. Sometimes throught the article the author speculates at the causation behind the instance of infantcide that took place in January of 1856.
Morrison, Toni. Beloved. New York: Penguin Group, n.d. Print.
  • This book is vital to our paper because we need to use information out of it to compare with the other research we did.  We think that this source will be the source we use most often because it is the main topic of the project.
  • Dr. Simms discovered how to successfully repair vesicovaginal fistulus by performing multiple surgeries on female African American slaves during the 19th century. His mistreatment of slaves represents a period of time where this was a common occurrence among doctors. However as Dr. Simms was glorified during his time, no one acknowledged this mistreatment until now.
  • This article discusses the different types of caring and how it is applied to nursing in a medical field and how African Americans were not given this care.  This presents the problem of nursing ethics and how it affects African Americans as patients.
  • Back in the 19th century slaves practiced their own formed of medicine with herbs. They had their own remedies to heal their community. Such remedies have been used to advance more modern medicines.
  • This image is a map of the city of Cincinnati, Ohio.  It will be used to show the geography of the city and will help the view understand the area of which the book Beloved takes place.
  • We chose to use information from this book because it pertains to our overall thesis.  We plan to look into the occupations black men, women and children had and this source shows that they had jobs at the Post Office. We are going to use this source as an example of an occupation for black men.
  • This source gives lots of information on child labor in the 1900s, while describing the amounts of hours, days and wages the children would work.  This will be helpful in portraying the opportunities for children to work.
"Slaves, Ex-Slaves, and Children of Slaves in the American South 1860." Black History on Pintrest. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2014.
  • We found this picture very interesting because it shows a black woman, looking to be pregnant, working in a field.  We plan to add this picture in by our summary of the book Beloved because we can discuss the work some enslaved women did.
  • Harper was a man that was one of two black men accepted to practice law in Louisville, KY. This will be a credible example to use as we describe the opportunities black men had in certain jobs and in the Golden Triangle.
  • Women were the main target by doctor to learn anatomy and physiology. They were given no rights or say. Their bodies were seen as animal, as if available for the taking.  Women were seen as a “different species”.
  • While Dr. Simms made a medical breakthrough in gynecology, his methods of practice disturb many medical ethics. His contribution to surgical innovations is being debated to be a honorable advancement or moral set back. Regardless of te dispute, its needless to say that without Dr. Simm’s quetoinable research, we would not as advanced in the gynecology field as we are now.
  • This journal discusses eleven characters of different books and relates their emotions to social justice.   Stanford chooses these women because of their abuse and hardships they struggled in their stories.  Stanford takes the emotions of the characters and makes connections between social conditions and bioethics. 
  • Anne Stiles is able to give a descriptive idea of what life was like for a mentally ill man in the time of Beloved.  From this article we were able to see that men were encouraged to engage in heavy manual labor to cure their anxiety problems.  This related to the novel’s portrayal of men’s hidden anxiety as shown in Paul D.  
"Surgical Set By Louis V. Helmold, C.1886." Helmold Surgical Set C. 1880's. N.p.,  n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2014.  http://www.medicalantiques.com/civilwar/Surgery_Sets/Helmold_surgical_set_c.1886.htm
  • This is an image of black men who worked on a railroad. This photo is a prime example of men in the working class in the 1900s and the types of jobs they had.
  • In this article it shows the harsh treatment that the few who sought outside treatment faced.  Patients would receive unethical and in many times more harmful treatment from unqualified individuals.  Using knowledge from the book along with the realities presented in the article, it confirms why none of the characters in Beloved would seek treatment.  
The Virtues in Medical Practice." Edmund D. Pellegrino,. Oxford University Press,1993. Web. 07 Oct. 2014.
  • During the 19th century the virtues of medicine were disgraced. Doctors strived to rebuild their virtue with trust, compassion, and prudence that has been torn down by past rogue doctors.
  • This book was a great accompaniment to the novel due to its very realistic depiction of mother-daughter roles in the 19th century.  The book states that mothers have to teach their daughters what their role is in life as they grow up, which often shows the daughters their mother’s dissatisfaction with life.  
  • In this article, Amanda Thorton does research on a Jamaican family’s paperwork in order to find information on their social, political and cultural life.  She studies the medical aspects and identifies the diseases and illnesses that were caught while on the plantation. 
  • This source is very interesting to us.  It does not give any information on jobs of the black men and women but it does give a brief look behind the word Beloved.  I think we can use this while talking about the book.
  • There is a question upon ethics for Dr. Simms research methods. During his time, what he was doing wasn’t considered wrong, but now with conflicting morals and ethics of this time it is seen as injustice. He did what was allowed fairly, on his own slaves. Not that this makes what he did right, but it brings up flaws in debates against this in the medical world. 
  • This is a news article that tells how Jessica Price, an employee at Khols in Louisville Kentucky, killed her newborn infant daughter who she had apprantly given birth to in the bathroom at her place of work. The infant was found in a dumpster outside the Kohls and was linked to Price through DNA and Video Survelinance evidence.
  • Mad in America was written as an argument against the modern medical treatment of schizophrenic patients.  While this isn’t directly relevant to our research, there is a fair amount of information in the book about the treatment of the mentally ill in the late 19th and early 20th century.  This book’s reference and comparison shows the incompetency of psychological treatment of the time of Beloved.  
  • This case discusses the ligusitics of what took place in the Maragret Garner case. In Januaray of 1856 this article says that Margret Garner killed her infant daughter. Priscilla, the infant who was killed was believed to be about six months old at the time. The majority of the article discusses the Fugitive Slave Act.

Barney, W. (2008). A Companion to 19th-Century America (pp 57-59). Wiley. 

"Beloved." Productimages. Notw, 10 Feb. 2010. Web. 28 Oct. 2014. I choose this image for the bibliography page because it is the simple quote for this page. Its simple and sums up the project. 

"Beloved." CliffNotes. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 5 Aug. 2009. Web. 28 Oct. 2014. This site really helped me with the gender roles page and how gender roles plays into the novel 'Beloved'. 

Bois, W.E.B. Du, and David Levering Lewis. Black Reconstruction in American 1860-1880. N.p.: Simon, 1935. Print.

Calisle, R. (n.d.). Handbook to Life in America, Volume 3.

Caesar, Terry Paul. "Slavery and Motherhood in Toni Morrison's "Beloved" JSTOR. Clarion University English Department, 1994. Web. 07 Oct. 2014.

"Cesarean Section - A Brief History: Part 2." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 26 July 2013. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/cesarean/part2.html

Cook Studio, H. P. Crinion. 1900. Digital Collections, Richmond. Comp. James Branch Cabell Library, Special Collections and Archives, and Valentine Richmond History Center.

Coquery-Vidrovitch C. "African Women: A Modern History. English Ed. | POPLINE.org." African Women: A Modern History. English Ed. | POPLINE.org. Popline, 1997. Web. 09 Oct. 2014.

Danielle, Johnson. Pettycoat. 2014. N/A , N/A. flickr.com. Web. 20 Oct. 2014.

In the Realm of Responsibility: A Conversation with Toni Morrison by Marsha Jean Darling and Toni Morrison. The Women's Review of Books, Vol. 5, No. 6 (Mar., 1988), pp. 5-6

Ducas, Tyler. "Ohio: How My Mother Raised 10 Kids on 25 Word or Less."Tylerducas.blogspot.com. Blogspot, 8 Sept. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2014. 

Goggli, Christina. Sethe. 2010. Canon EOS Rebel T1i, Location N/A. Flickr.com. Web. 21 Oct. 2014.

Halperin, E. C. (2007), The poor, the Black, and the marginalized as the source      of cadavers in United States anatomical education. Clin. Anat., 20: 489–            495. doi: 10.1002/ca.20445

Harley, Sharon. Sister Circle: Black Women and Work. N.p.: Rutgers UP, 2002. Print.

Jones, Jacqueline. Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work, and the Family from Slavery to Present. N.p.: Basic, 2009. Print.

Jones, Trina. Race, Economic Class and Employment Opportunity. N.p.: 72 Law and Contemporary Problems, 2009. Print.

Kanter, Rosabeth Moss. "Work and Family in the United States: A Critical Review and Agenda for Research and Policy." Journal of the Family Firm Institute 2.1 (1989): 77-114. Print.

Lammermeir, Paul J. "The Urban Black Family of the Nineteenth Century: A Study of Black Family Structure in the Ohio Valley, 1850-1880." Journal of Marriage and Family 35.3 (1973): 440-56. Print.

"Looking at History." : Infanticide: a case study. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2014 <http://richardjohnbr.blogspot.com/2010/10/infanticide-case-study.html>.

"Map of Louisville in 1864." Louisville in the American Civil War. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2014.

Mircale, Jill . Price. 2009. Canon EOS Rebel T3, Location N/A. Flickr.com. Web. 21 Oct. 2014.

Modern Medea: A Family Story of Slavery and Child-Murder from the Old South by Steven Weisenburger Review by:Melton A. McLaurin Reviews in American History, Vol. 27, No. 2 (Jun., 1999), pp. 250-253

Morgan, Cole. Reading On The Bus. 2011. Nikon FE , N/A. flickr.com. Web. 20 Oct. 2014.

Morrison, Toni. Beloved: a novel. New York: Vintage; Reprint edition (June 8, 2004), 1987. Print.

Ostergard, D. R. "The Epochs and Ethics of Incontinence Surgery: Is The   Direction Forward or Backwards?" International Urogynecology     Journal. Vol. 13. N.p.: n.p., 2014. N. pag. Link Springer. Web. 7 Oct. 2014.

Paley, John. "Caring as a Slave Morality: Nietzschean Themes in Nursing Ethics."

Paquale, Anna De. Pharmacognosy: The Oldest Modern Science. 1st ed.     Vol. 11. N.p.: Elsiever, 1984. Print.

"Popular Items for Historic Map on Etsy." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. <http://images.google.com/>.

Rubio, Philip F. There's Always Work at the Post Office: African American Postal Workers and the Fight for Jobs, Justice and Equality. N.p.: UP North Carolina, n.d. Print.

Saller, Carol. Working Children. Minneapolis: Carolrhoda, 1998. Print.

Smith, J. Clay, Jr. Emancipation: The Making of the Black Lawyer, 1844-1944. N.p.: UP Pennsylvania, 1999. Print.

Smith-Rosenberg, Carroll, and Charles Rosenberg. "The Female Animal:     Medical and Biological Views of Woman and Her Role in Nineteenth-            Century America." Introduction. The Journal of American History. 2nd ed. Vol.     60. N.p.: Organization of American Historians, 1973. 332-256. JSTOR. Web. 7           Oct. 2014.

Spettle, Sara, and Mark D. White. "The Portrayal of J. Marion Sims' Controversial            Surgical Legacy." Science Direct. N.p., 20 Apr. 2011.Web. 7 Oct. 2014.              

Stanford, Ann F. "MELUS." Bodies in a Broken World: Women Novelists of Color and the Politics of Medicine. Ann Folwell Stanford. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003. 266 Pages.  University of North Carolina Press, 2003. Web. 07 Oct. 2014.

Stiles, A. (n.d.). Go rest, young man. Retrieved October 14, 2014.

"The African-American Railroad Experience." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. <http://images.google.com/>.

The History of Mental Illness: From "Skull Drills" to "Happy Pills" (2010, January 1). Retrieved October 14, 2014. 

Theriot, N., & Theriot, N. (1996). Mothers and daughters in nineteenth-century America: The biosocial construction of femininity ([Rev. ed.). Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky.

Thorton, Amanda. "Slavery & Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave
Studies." 2011.604563. N.p., 09 Dec. 2011. Web. 19 Oct. 2014.

Townes, Emilie M. "To Be Called Beloved: Womanist Ontology in Post Modern Refrection." Annual of the Society of Christian Ethics 13 (1993): 93-115. Print.

Wasserman, J., M. A. Flannery, and J. M. Clair. "Rasing the Ivory Tower: The Production of Knowledge and Distrust of Medicine among African Americans." -- Wasserman Et Al. 33 (3): 177. University of Alabama, 11   Apr. 2006. Web. 07 Oct. 2014.         

WDRB. "Jessica Price told police it's possible she suffocated her newborn in Kohl's bathroom." Jessica Price told police she could have suffocated. N.p., 8 Jan. 2014. Web. 28 Oct. 2014. <http://www.wdrb.com/story/24399701/jessica-price-told-police>.

Whitaker, R. (2010). Mad in America: Bad Science, Bad Medicine, and the Enduring Mistreatment of the Mentally Ill. Basic Books; Secondary Education Edition. 

The Garner Fugitive Slave Case by Julius Yanuck. The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 40, No. 1 (Jun., 1953), pp. 47-66